It has long been assumed by most conservatives and some liberals that Daniel 2 and Daniel 7 detail the history of four kingdoms: (1) Babylon; (2) Medo-Persia; (3) Greece; and (4) Rome. To reach this conclusion, most must base it on similarities between these two chapters, because there is no explicit basis for this claim. This is very important. Daniel does not explicitly state that the same four kingdoms are represented in both chapters. The reader needs to know that there are truly significant differences between these two chapters. The rationale for the belief that Daniel 2 and 7 narrate the same history, although from two different perspectives, is ultimately based on some rather loose and disconnected conclusions.